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آموزش زبان انگلیسی - گرامر درس اول زبان 1 ( کتاب کار دبیر )

درس اول

v        كاربرد can و could

ü   can و could هر دو به معنی توانستن با این تفاوت كه توانایی انجام هر عملی در زمان حال را با فعل كمكی can در صورتی كه توانایی انجام هر عملی در زمان گذشته را با فعل كمكی could   نشان می دهیم :

I can speak English now .                                  .من حالا می توانم انگلیسی صحبت كنم

 I could speak English two years ago .  من دو سال پیش می توانستم انگلیسی صحبت كنم

Ali …………..answer all the questions easily  last week .

       a. can

b. should

c. will

d. could

ü      شكل سوالی و منفی افعال كمكی فوق :

She could do things with her hands .

شكل سوالی   :   Could she do things with her hands ?

 شكل منفی   :   She could not ( couldn't ) do things with her hands.

ü     بعد از دو فعل كمكی  can  و could  شكل ساده فعل بكار می رود :

 My brother couldn't ……… a bicycle last year .

        a. rode

b. rides

c. to ride

d. ride 

v     كاربرد must  و had to

ü   Must و had to   به معنی  باید  یا مجبور بودن با این تفاوت كه اجبار یا وظیفه انجام عملی در زمان حال را با  must  و اجبار و یا وظیفه انجام كاری در زمان گذشته را با  had to  نشان می دهیم .

Zahra must see the doctor now .                     .   زهرا الان باید دكتر را ببیند

Zahra had to see the doctor last night    . زهرا باید شب گذشته دكتر رامی دید

 Reza didn't have a bicycle so he ………… walk to school .

        a. should

b. had to

c. has to

d. can

ü     برای سوالی نمودن had to   از فعل كمكی  did  و برای منفی نمودن آن از فعل كمكی  didn't  استفاده می شود و نكته مهم اینكه در حالت سوالی و منفی  had to به  have to  تبدیل میشود .

They had to finish the book .

شكل سوالی  :    Did they have to finish the book ?

شكل منفی    :    They didn't have to finish the book .

  Did she ………… leave the classroom yesterday ?

       a- had to             b- has to              c- have to          d- having to

ü       بعد از must , have to , has to , had to  شكل ساده فعل بكار می رود .

   Friedrich had to ………… alone .

       a- plays

b- play

c- played

d- playing

 

a-Choose the best choice :

 

1) " Now he can ride his bicycle but he ……….. ride it before.

a- should

c- shouldn't

b- could    

d- couldn't

2) " Did you go to school by bus?  "No, I ………. walk to school." 

a- have to

c- had to

b- must 

d- should

3) He didn't have to ………….. this work last week.

a- finish

c- finishing

b- finished        

d- finishes

4)  The sick man has to ………….. the doctor again.

a- visits

c- visiting

b- visited       

d- visit

5) What does he do in the office?   "He ……….…type letters and

      answer the phone."

a- had to

c- could

b- have to

d- has to

6) I could …………… a car before I left school.

a- drove

c- drive

b- driving

d- to drive

7) Can you help me, please?   

  "Sorry, I have an exam tomorrow, so I …………. study now."

a- had to

c- could

b- should 

d- has to

 

8) ………… she have to do her homework again ?   

   " Yes, she had to do it again . "

a- Had

c- Did

b- Has

d- Does

       

b-Put these words in the correct order :

                                         

   1)  the questions ,  to , she , again , answer , had .

@  …………………………….…………………… .

   2) for , have to , they , did , a bus , yesterday , wait?

@ …………………………….……………………. .

   3) well ,  ago , speak , she , three , English , couldn't , years .

@ …………………………….………………….

   4) homework , do , carelessly , we , not , our , should .

@ …………………………….……………………

   5) visit , what time , the doctor , could , she ?

@ …………………………….…………………….