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آموزش زبان انگلیسی - گرامر درس اول زبان 2 ( کتاب کار دبیر )

 

گرامردرس اول

 

ماضی بعید یا گذشته كامل ( Past Perfect Tense )

طریقه ساخت ماضی بعید :   برای ساختن ماضی بعید از فعل كمكی had و اسم مفعول فعل استفاده می شود :         اسم مفعول فعل + had

 

I had done my homework .

He had done his homework.

She had done her homework .

We had done our homework .

I had studied English.

You had studied English .

She had studied English.

We had studied English .

 

ü   ماضی بعید بیانگر عملی است كه در زمان گذشته قبل از عمل دیگری انجام گرفته باشد .به عبارت دیگر هرگاه دو عمل در زمان گذشته انجام بگیرند عملی كه ابتدا اتفاق افتاده باشد ماضی بعید و عمل دوم گذشته ساده خواهد بود .  در این حالت معمولاً از كلمات ربطی when ,after ,before    و because برای ربط دادن دو عمل استفاده می شود .

      "  تكلیف هایم را انجام داده بودم قبل از آنكه بخوابم .  "

ü   She had washed the dishes when we arrived .

ü   I had done my homework before I went to bed .

ü   After I had brushed my teeth , I went to bed .

ü   He was happy because he had got good marks .

 

ü   سوالی و منفی زمان ماضی بعید : برای سوالی كردن این زمان از فعل كمكی had  كه قبل از فاعل جمله نوشته می شود و برای منفی كردن از فعل كمكی had not  و یا hadn't  كه بعد از فاعل جمله نوشته می شود استفاده می كنیم :

ü  She had washed the dishes when I arrived .

ü  Had she washed the dishes when you arrived ?

ü  She hadn’t ( had not ) washed the dishes when I arrived .

نمونه سوال :

6 My mother …….……the food when the guests arrived .

 

 a. has cooked

b. had cooked

c. cooks

d. is cooking

 

6 The teacher had begun the lesson before I ……. into the class

 a. had come

b. have come

c. come

d. came

 

6 The boy was very upset because he ……….. all his money .

 

 a. had lost

b. has lost

c. loses

d. will lose

 

                                                          

 

Structure

a-Choose the best choice :

 

1) Before I went to bed , I ………… all my homework .

a- do

c- have done

b- am doing

d- had done

2) They ……….. off the lights before they left the house .

a- have turned

c- will turn

b- had turned 

d- may turn

3) My father was too tired because he ……….all day long .

a- had worked

c- has worked

b- works             

d- is working

4) Ali …………. all his money , hadn't he ?

a- has lost

c- had lost

b- lost            

d- would lose

5) Why was she upset ?    " Because she ………. bad marks . "

a- gets

c- will get

b- has got

d- had got

6) I  ..…..… to Ali's birthday party because they had not invited me .

a- don't go

c- didn't go

b- hadn't gone    

d- haven't gone

7) I was sure that I ……………… him somewhere before .

a- will  be seen

c- had seen

b- have seen         

d- was seen

8) They'd been here before you went , ……….. they ?

a- hadn't

c- didn't

b- wouldn't

d- don't

 9) I …............ him since last month .

a- don't see

c- won't see

b- haven't seen    

d- wasn't seen

10) She ……….. her work yet .

a- finished

c- hasn't finished

b- didn't finish

d- has finished

 

 

 

 

 

 b- Write the correct form of the verbs :

 

 1) My brother …..…… his breakfast before he went to  school . (eat )

 2) He had made a big mistake , so he ……….….. very sorry  .  ( be )

 3) He didn't go to the cinema because he …..…. his work. (not finish)

 4) We ….…...  the fruits because they hadn't washed them .(not eat)

 

c) Answer the following questions . Use the words given .

    

 1)  Why were you happy ?  ( to get good marks  )

……………………………………………………….

 2)  Why was your friend so sad ?  ( to lose his money )

……………………………………………………….

 3)  Why didn't you go to the Stadium ?  ( not to buy any tickets )

……………………………………………………….

 4)  Why didn't you come to Ali's birthday party ?  ( not to invite me )

………………………………………………………..